Tater Tot Casserole (Hotdish) Recipe

overhead view of tater tot hot dish drizzled with ketchup

Serious Eats/Vicky Wasik

Why It Works

  • Steeping the milk with deeply roasted mushrooms makes for a flavorful mushroom sauce.
  • Worcestershire sauce gives the ground beef extra depth and umami.
  • Spicy Dijon mustard perks up all the rich ingredients.

Like paellas and tagines, casseroles take their name from the dish they're cooked in. But, while anything baked in a casserole can be called a casserole, the Midwestern preparation known as "hotdish" is much more specific. A hotdish always consists of meat, vegetables, a starch, and sauce—it's not a side dish, but an entire meal unto itself. And Tater Tot hotdish is, hands down, the most epic version of these one-pot wonders.

A traditional Tater Tot hotdish can feed a crowd with little more than a handful of supermarket staples, a skillet, a baking dish, and a few minutes of your time. It typically starts with ground beef, which is mixed with canned or frozen vegetables, covered in condensed soup, and topped with frozen Tater Tots. Bake it in the oven until it's crisp and bubbly, pass the ketchup, and dinner is served!

Fork digging into a bowl of tater tot hotdish.

Serious Eats/Vicky Wasik

My from-scratch version takes a little more time and effort, but it lets you ditch the cans for a fuller-flavored, fresher twist on the family favorite. I couldn't help but notice the uncanny similarities between Tater Tot hotdish and shepherd's pie, so I drew a little inspiration from this dish for my recipe. I moisten the ground beef base with a quick gravy and season it with a splash of Worcestershire sauce, just as you would the lamb in our shepherd's pie. And I replace the condensed soup with a thick layer of mushroom béchamel.

It all begins with that rich and creamy mushroom béchamel. Béchamel is a milk sauce that's thickened with flour and butter. It's incredibly versatile—you'll find it in the base for macaroni and cheese, spooned between layers of lasagna, and worked into countless other crowd-pleasing dishes. Because the basic formula for béchamel is so simple, it's a cinch to jazz it up. One of my favorite tricks is to infuse the milk with other ingredients, which allows you to change the flavor while maintaining that smooth and silky texture.

In this case, I roast mushrooms until they're deeply browned, then steep them in milk until they've surrendered all their savory flavors. I tested this recipe with a range of mushrooms, like shiitakes, maitakes, porcinis, and morels, only to find that the best flavor came from the unassuming button mushrooms. These shy little guys speak up with that deep, iconic mushroom flavor you expect from cream of mushroom soup. After soaking them in milk for an hour, I simply strain them out and discard them. They've given you their all and are ready for the compost pile at this point.

The mushroom-y milk, on the other hand, is just getting started. I combine flour and butter in a saucepan, stirring over medium heat until it forms a roux—a simple paste with incredible thickening powers. Though some roux are cooked until they turn a deep brown, this sauce doesn't call for such a dark, toasty flavor. After about five minutes, the raw, starchy aroma of the flour subsides, at which point I start adding the mushroom milk, whisking in just one tablespoon at a time. If you're patient at this stage, there'll be no need to strain out lumps or clumps, because your béchamel will be smooth and perfect straight from the pot.

Next, I turn to the meat. Instead of using plain ground beef, I get a little saucy—extra moisture helps the beef hold up to the Tot-baking time. I begin by searing the ground beef over high heat, using a generous amount of oil to maximize crunchy bits and browned flavors. Depending on its meat-to-fat ratio, your ground beef may release a lot of fat; for better browning, though, it's always best to start with plenty of oil in your skillet and drain excess fat off afterward as needed.

Unfortunately, there's always a trade-off between flavor and texture when you're cooking ground beef. Searing in a hot pan develops rich brown flavor at the expense of juicy meat. The addition of broth allows you the best of both worlds, so, after sweating some onion and garlic in the skillet, I add a spoonful of flour and a splash of chicken broth, which thickens into a savory gravy. Off the heat, I stir in sweet peas and corn, spicy mustard, and fresh herbs to perk up the ground beef filling.

It all comes together in a baking dish. Spread the meat mixture evenly into the dish, top with the mushroom béchamel, and arrange the Tater Tots on top. You can follow Kenji's recipe to make your own Tots if you like, but my love for Ore-Ida runs deep and pure. Bake the casserole until it's bubbly and golden brown. Then invite over a Little League team, or book club, or the neighborhood watch, because this is a dish meant for sharing.

One portion of tater tot hotdish served in a bowl.

Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

November 2017

This recipe was cross-tested in 2022 and lightly updated with more accurate measurements and cooking times to guarantee best results.

Recipe Facts

Prep: 75 mins
Cook: 110 mins
Active: 45 mins
Total: 3 hrs 5 mins
Serves: 6 servings

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Ingredients

For the Mushroom Sauce:

  • 16 ounces button mushrooms, washed, dried, and quartered (454g; about 5 cups)

  • 2 tablespoons (30ml) extra-virgin olive oil

  • 12 (5-inch) sprigs thyme (4g), divided

  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste

  • 2 1/4 cups (532mlwhole milk

  • 1/2 medium yellow onion (9 ounces; 225g) peeled and roughly chopped

  • 2 cloves (8g) garlic, smashed

  • 2 tablespoons (1 ounce; 28g) unsalted butter

  • 2 tablespoons (1 ounce; 28g) all-purpose flour

For the Ground Beef:

  • 1 tablespoon (15ml) vegetable oil

  • 1 pound (454g) 90% lean ground beef

  • 1 medium yellow onion (9 ounces; 255g), diced

  • 2 cloves (8g) garlic, finely minced (about 2 teaspoons)

  • 1 tablespoon (8g) all-purpose flour

  • 3/4 cup (180ml) chicken stock, either homemade or low-sodium store-bought

  • 3/4 cup frozen or fresh peas (3.7 ounces; 105g)

  • 3/4 cup frozen or fresh corn kernels (3.8 ounces; 108g)

  • 1/4 cup (15gchopped parsley

  • 1/4 cup (15g) chopped chives

  • 1 tablespoon (15g) Dijon mustard

  • 2 teaspoons (10ml) Worcestershire sauce

To Finish:

  • 1 pound (454g) Tater Tots, frozen from one 28 ounce package or homemade

  • Ketchup, for serving

Directions

  1. For the Mushroom Sauce: Adjust oven rack to center position and preheat oven to 350°F (180°C). In a large bowl, toss mushrooms with olive oil and 6 sprigs thyme, then season with kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper. Spread seasoned mushrooms on a foil-lined rimmed baking sheet. Bake until deeply browned, about 45 minutes. Remove from oven and discard thyme sprigs. Increase oven temperature to 375°F (190°C).

  2. In a medium saucepot, combine roasted mushrooms with 6 remaining thyme sprigs, milk, onion, and garlic and bring to a boil over medium-high. Remove from heat and steep, covered, for 1 hour. Strain, pressing gently on the solids, reserving liquid and discarding solids.

    Collage of roasted mushrooms, steeping aromatics in milk, and straining out aromatics.

    Serious Eats/Vicky Wasik

  3. Wipe out pot and return to stovetop. Melt butter over medium heat until foaming subsides, then add flour and mix into a paste. Continue cooking, stirring constantly, until raw flour smell is gone, about 3 minutes. Whisking constantly, add mushroom-infused milk in a thin, steady stream, or in increments of a couple of tablespoons at a time, whisking thoroughly and getting into all corners of the pot to maintain a homogeneous texture. Sauce will initially become very thick, then get very thin once all milk is added.

    Collage of stages of making mushroom sauce.

    Serious Eats/Vicky Wasik

  4. Heat, stirring constantly, until sauce comes to a simmer and begins to thicken slightly, about 5 minutes. Reduce heat to low and cook, stirring often, until sauce is thick enough to coat the back of a wooden spoon, about 3 minutes. Season to taste with kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper. Transfer sauce to a small bowl and place plastic wrap directly on the surface to prevent a skin from forming.

  5. For the Ground Beef: In a large skillet, heat oil over medium-high heat. Add ground beef and break up into crumbles with a whisk or potato masher. Cook, stirring occasionally, until well browned, about 8  minutes. Drain off any excess fat, if necessary, leaving only about 1 tablespoon (15ml) in skillet along with meat.

  6. Reduce heat to medium, add onion and garlic to ground meat, and cook, stirring often, until onions soften, about 3 to 5  minutes. Add flour and cook, stirring constantly, for an additional minute, until meat mixture is well coated. Stir in chicken stock and simmer until thickened, about 3 minutes.

  7. Remove from heat and stir peas, corn, parsley, chives, Dijon, and Worcestershire into ground beef mixture. Season to taste with kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper. Scrape meat mixture into a 2-quart (7 x 11-inch) baking dish.

    Collage of cooking ground beef, round beef mixture, chicken stock, Dijon, corn, and peas.

    Serious Eats/Vicky Wasik

  8. To Finish: Top meat with mushroom sauce, spreading sauce into an even layer, and arrange Tater Tots on top. Bake for 35 to 45 minutes, or until Tater Tots are crispy and golden brown. Serve with squiggles of ketchup.

    Collage of assembling casserole: beef and vegetable mixture, pouring on mushroom cream sauce, sauce spread out evenly, tater tots arranged in rows on top.

    Serious Eats/Vicky Wasik

Special Equipment

2-quart baking dish, fine-mesh strainer, rimmed baking sheet

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
582 Calories
30g Fat
50g Carbs
31g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 6
Amount per serving
Calories 582
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 30g 38%
Saturated Fat 10g 48%
Cholesterol 85mg 28%
Sodium 738mg 32%
Total Carbohydrate 50g 18%
Dietary Fiber 6g 22%
Total Sugars 12g
Protein 31g
Vitamin C 21mg 107%
Calcium 157mg 12%
Iron 5mg 30%
Potassium 1232mg 26%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)